Developing Effortless Tennis Strokes

Dec 21

When you’re developing your tennis strokes, you’re going to look for power –and, in most cases, it will be sooner rather than later, especially if you’re going to play tennis competitively for points.

The problem when looking for power is that you’ll most likely associate it with the words “hard” and “strong”.

The words “hard” and “strong” are, in our minds, associated with tension. For example, if we want to lift or push something heavy, we will tense our muscles to create more force.

The reality of tennis is different from our typical experiences with creating force.

And speed is developed through a different process where muscles are much more relaxed and it feels effortless to generate speed.

Hitting Hard vs. Hitting Fast

I believe that the most common reasons for wanting to hit the ball hard with tense muscles are:

1. When the ball hits the racquet, the sound tells us that this was a hard impact – although in reality it wasn’t that hard (when the string bed absorbs the energy of the ball, it deforms and so does the ball!) and it doesn’t mean that our muscles were hard at impact!

Tennis ball and strings deform

The ball and the strings deform at contact (image credit: Tennis Australia)

2. Our only experience in creating force is through tension and not through speed – we lift, carry, and push objects most of our life rather than throw them. (But almost all athletes that come from sports where balls are thrown or hit – like handball, volleyball, badminton, squash, etc. – have no problems accelerating a tennis racquet without tension!)

Force with tension

We are used to generating force through tension

3. We often hear the TV commentators say for example that the “serve was hit really hard”, and the words “hit hard” immediately trigger the idea of tension.

After all, when we’re tense, our muscles are hard.

But great tennis serves are hit fast and not with a lot of tension.

Again, in tennis we create force in a different way.

We are not pushing or lifting; instead, we’re swinging (in a controlled way), and the objects we’re dealing with – the racquet and the ball – are not heavy.

That’s why the key to creating force is speed rather than strength. (After all, except perhaps Rafael Nadal, most professional tennis players are not muscular and bulked up!)

Speed is also a much more important factor in creating kinetic energy (Ek) than mass:

Ek = (mass x speed2) / 2

If we increase mass by two times, the Ek will increase by two times, but if we increase the speed by two times, the Ek will increase by four times!

And kinetic energy is the energy that is released at contact from the racquet to the ball. A faster ball is a result of a faster racquet head that transfers more kinetic energy to the ball; therefore, the key is to increase speed.

Speed is created by a different process in the body than the usual force with tensing our muscles that we’re familiar with, and once you get a good hold of it, it’s fairly effortless compared to “muscling the ball”.

We need to learn to generate racquet head speed through more relaxed muscles and feel rather than tension and brute force.

Hitting Effortless Groundstrokes In Tennis

You can learn so much by simply drop feeding the balls to your forehand and backhand groundstrokes and simply hitting the ball short over the net while at the same time looking for the minimum effort.

Self feed in tennis

So much can be done on feel without needing a partner

You will see that you can relax your body and your muscles more and more and work less and less AND YET the ball will STILL go over the net!

That is the realization you have to come to in order to switch your concept of power from its association with strength and tension to relaxation and speed.

Note that you won’t be completely placid as there is some tension required to accelerate the racquet, but it’s a different way of generating force than what you’re used to.

Once you see that it works, it will be easier to trust it.

Gradually progress from mini tennis to full court tennis (or if someone is feeding you balls – from aiming just over the net to aiming to about ¾ distance), and all the time experiment with how much force and effort is needed to play the ball to your target zone.

The benefits of this drill can be felt immediately, even in one practice session, but if you do this regularly, you will see that there are many more levels of hitting the ball well with little effort.

In fact, that’s what must always be in your mind when you rally or warm up your strokes: “I want to hit the ball with good speed and find the least effort needed to do that while still maintaining control.”

I have been telling myself (consciously and unconsciously) that for many years, and that’s one of the main reasons my strokes produce power with little effort.

Effortless Volleys

As you’ve seen in the video, the same idea can and must be applied to volleys.

I believe volleys are much less forgiving than groundstrokes when it comes to hitting with tension rather than feel.

You have less court to aim to, and you need to control the speed of the incoming ball in a very short period of time.

Most shots that are not hit well with feel and control will end up as errors – while on the baseline, you have much more margin for error, even if you perform strokes incorrectly.

Tennis volley with feel

Volley is based on feel – we redirect the ball and often need to take speed away from the ball.

Therefore, it’s critical that you know how to hit the volley with feel and control rather than knowing how to punch it.

The approach is very similar – play the balls short and look for the minimum effort needed to achieve your goal.

Try less and less and see at what point you lose control of the racquet head.

By less and less, I mean look for less tension in your muscles and griping the racquet less tight.

You need to tighten your grip only a split second before the contact, and even with that, you need to find out what is the least “tightness” needed to control the ball.

Another great variation of this drill is to alternate between hitting the ball short and hitting the ball deep and looking to alter your technique and force as little as possible.

This is so important that I am simply going to write this again:

Alternate between playing the volley short and deep and look for the minimum difference in force.

What is the least extra force you need to change from playing the ball short to playing the ball deep?

Keep asking your mind and body to find that out and keep hitting ball after ball.

It’s one of the best ways to learn a great tennis volley stroke.

Effortless Serves

Hitting tennis serves with strength (serving hard!) is probably the biggest and the most common mistake of club tennis players.

Besides the three reasons listed above (the sound that tricks us into thinking of hard contact, our limited experience of generating force, and the common misconception that the pros hit the ball “hard”), it’s actually hard to imagine that we can hit the ball really fast without being “strong”.

But good tennis serves are hit fast and not with a lot of tension. So, our goal is to achieve a high velocity of the racquet head – and with tense muscles, that’s not possible.

Feliciano Lopez serves with effortless power – note the speed of the racquet and his relaxed way of achieving that.

We quickly hit a limit of how fast we can serve with the idea of “hitting hard” and being tense, whereas the approach of hitting the ball with speed and more relaxed muscles will produce much higher racquet head speed and therefore higher speed of the ball.

In order to become familiar with the idea of hitting the ball in a relaxed state, we can apply the minimum effort drill again and progress from serving just over the net to serving close to the service line.

Effortless tennis serve

Practice serving with minimum effort and look for relaxation and feel

The key to a really fast tennis serve is actually not creating tension in your muscles until just the moment of impact.

That’s where all the stored energy is released in a very short time.

Most of the service action is therefore performed in a very relaxed way where the goal is to gradually build energy.

Therefore, we need to learn to perform most of the service action in a relaxed manner and learn to hit with a loose wrist – which will allow the energy built up in the body to be released through the wrist into the racquet.

The minimum effort drill again encourages you to let go of the idea of hitting the ball hard and try to hit the ball with more relaxed muscles and feel.

Through repetition, you realize that you CAN hit the ball relatively fast and deep even with little effort and little tension in the muscles.

That will put you on the right track, and in time you’ll learn to master this process of hitting fast tennis serves with little effort.


I realize that some tennis drills like the minimum effort drill may just be an interesting thing you found online and you’ll probably try it just out of curiosity to see what happens.

I cannot emphasize enough how this approach improves your tennis strokes and how important it is in the long term to keep asking your mind and body to find a way to generate good racquet head speed with as little effort as possible.

Finding more power and control for your shots will become easier and easier – so I really encourage you to play with the idea of the minimum effort on your strokes for a while and see what that does to your overall tennis game and enjoyment on court.

I want to challenge your beliefs in the end with this statement: “You do NOT need to hit the ball HARD in order to make the ball fly FAST.”

How exactly you can do that, I cannot explain in words; you simply need to experience it.

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(48) comments

Dennis Prinos December 21, 2012

wonderful article Tomaz,you are exactly correct in you analysis.Mosty people play tennis for years and never realize that a tennis ball is a very lively,bouncy object and is made to be “hit” with a very powerful instrument,a racket.How much effort should it take to make the ball go about 75 feet.Again very well explained and great progression drills.

    Jim Kane December 23, 2012

    As the story goes,the gent asks the cab driver,”How do you get to Carnegie Hall,” and the cab driver replies,”Practice, practice, practice.” Professor Tomaz, thanks for explaining and demonstrating effortless power in such a meaningful way. As a student of the game, I look forward to my next practice, knowing that perfect practice leads to perfection.

      Tomaz December 23, 2012

      True! 😉 I wish there was a shortcut but there isn’t – and I know I am showing the long term development but just playing for 10 minutes every session while looking to minimize the effort when rallying will produce great results.

      Arthur Quinby January 28, 2014

      Can’t find your video where you are using a grocery bag with 3 or 4 tennis balls inside to show the relaxed way to swing the serve.



    Tomaz December 31, 2012

    Thanks, Dennis. I know it’s so counterintuitive but in order to learn how to hit hard one needs to learn to hit soft first.

    In martial arts the person learns all moves in slow motion before they attempt to hit them at full speed. But somehow in tennis this art is lost – and it’s the only one that leads to effortless power.

    Paul Czerner May 21, 2014

    Rather than thinking of “hitting” the ball, which has an underlying connotation of using force to “hit” something, I’m starting to think of using the word “slap” the ball, which relies more on speed rather than force.

Max Jansons December 24, 2012

This was such an excellent article. I have been working a lot on my serve lately, I have worked especially on developing a smooth relaxed arm motion. Every time I have excess tension, or if it feels like effort my serve is less successful. Look at closeups of Serena Williams before she is about to serve, she looks like she is going to fall asleep!
I have been trying to judge all my strokes based on the level of effort and smoothness. I know if it feels like hard work, I am probably doing something wrong.

    Tomaz December 25, 2012

    Max, “…judge all my strokes based on the level of effort and smoothness” – is exactly the right approach.

    Too many times I see tennis players judge their strokes based on technical perfection and when they try to move their racquet or arm “technically correctly”, they are inevitably stiff and rigid.

    And body moving like that doesn’t create effortless force. And of course, one needs to really understand what correct tennis technique is.

Dublin Stringer December 26, 2012

Excellent article as always Tomaz. I find that with practice my serving gets worse 🙂 I think that when I get tired from practicing too many serves, I start getting tense and it sucks all the power from my serve. I put in a whole lot more effort but the serves get weaker and weaker.

A certain amount of speed is also determined by the racket and strings and their tension, and since this is an area of particular interest of mine, I’d like to hear your favourite strings and tensions and racket specs if you don’t mind sharing that. Thanks!

    Tomaz December 28, 2012

    Try to use the fatigue for hitting with less effort – and you can actually find a way to serve fast without muscling the ball.

    Remember Sampras vs Corretja, 1996? Pete was at the end of his strength and yet kept serving fast serves.

    As for the racquet, now that I teach mostly I found a really comfortable one – the Wilson Five BLX.

    I use Signum Pro Micronite combined with a stronger polyester string – not sure which one, my stringer puts one in. 😉 I also played with Signum Pro Firestorm and loved it in combination with the Five BLX racquet.

    Of course, if I do play points, I find it hard to control the ball because it flies off the racquet so much, but for teaching and rallying it’s the most comfortable racquet I ever used.

      Dublin Stringer December 29, 2012

      Thanks for your reply Tomaz!

      I have changed the position of my feet from pointing more or less straight into the court to more pointing towards the net post and that alone has made the serving motion a lot more comfortable. If you were to put a clock face on the ground with you standing in the middle, looking from the top down, the serve swing would be going from 7 to 1 o’clock or even 8 to 2 o’clock, not 6 to 12, like I’ve been trying to do. Combined with a nice knee bend, opening shoulders up (not trying to turn them at all) and the right pronation it’s easy and comfortable and therefore reliable and powerful. I’m still working on this, but so far it has really made a world of difference, just that small adjustment in the starting stance and changing the swing from 6 to 12 (straight into the court) to more 7-8 to 1-2 o’clock (kinda towards the net post). I’ve always found serving in the ad court easier and I think this is why.

      I have tried the Signum Pro Micronite and I have to say I find it great, the only thing is that it suffers very badly from so called “ghosting”, where the string turns white where you clamp it. Your racket is a surprising choice I have to say. Very light, head heavy and large head size. I’d say it’s great for feeding the balls but like you say it must be hard to control the shots when you go for it.

      Arturo Hernandez December 29, 2012

      I found this clip from a recent match between Sampras and McEnroe. This was a serve where Mac was not ready. Sampras hits a very easy smooth serve and yet hits it very hard.


Steve Sarvate December 29, 2012

Another great video – loved it. Thanks for the wonderful tips. I have learned a lot from your videos. Happy New Year and best wishes.

Rafael Vital Jr. December 29, 2012

Thanks for this excellent article on brute force vs speed. Like they say, “speed kills”! As an instructor I teach my students to prepare early, swing smoothly (naturally), make solid contact, and make a full extension. I have to say your approach to powerful effortless hitting is much better if not much quicker to master. Thanks again for this vital information.

Rafael Vital Jr.

Nasar December 29, 2012

Hi That was a an excellent demonstration of learning different shots.Here the psychology is as important as the technique.

Jim Anderson December 31, 2012

Hi, Tomaz — Happy New Year. One reaction to your POST. The issue is racquet head acceleration, not racquet head speed. [Acceleration = change in velocity (or speed) with time.]This is not a “physics quibble”. Compare (1) smooth racquet motion — constant speed — through the entire process with (2) slow speed movement up to the “backscratch position”,followed by rapid acceleration up to impact. Very different outcomes. But (2) must be learned. And ball toss position is extremely important. I’ve had great improvement simply by tossing the ball 0.5m further into the court.

    Tomaz December 31, 2012

    Good points, Jim, thanks for the clarification!

      Amar January 28, 2014

      Absolutely. The slow start coupled with acceleration results in a continuous and smooth swing. So vital for an effortless stroke. Have been recently watching Cibulkova in the Aus open. The acceleration in her forehand stroke in very pronounced and is an excellent example in ease of hitting. Wonderful play by the young lady!

    Rafael Vital Jr. May 23, 2014

    Great stuff. I might add that it is gradual racket head acceleration from back scratch position to impact point where there is maximum racket head speed.

Max Jansons December 31, 2012

I love this drill. I have been using it for my forehand and backhand groundstrokes, and it is such a simple way to feel more connected to the ball and ones movement and motion. It is a great way to tweak your swing path, and it really helps to smooth your stroke. It also really helps at isolating the rhythm of your strokes. It helped me to stop rushing things in the beginning phase of my stroke. Thank You.

gary December 31, 2012

thanks for the relaxed swing concept. i was out today hitting serves , and i know that swinging the raquet hard isn’t the same as swinging it fast. even though i try a lot of the time. on ground strokes also. and volleys. i’m going to play with this concept in mind all the time as much as possible. makes perfect sense. have done this on occasion by accident and marveled at the resulting shot. but our old self takes over and bad habits come forward. i guess the better you get, the less and less this will happen. thanks again Tomas. Gary in northern california

    Tomaz December 31, 2012

    Gary, I also suggest you try hitting some serves without aiming into the court but rather serving far – even to the opposite back fence. That allows you to let go of control (mentally) which is the main cause of hitting “hard”.

    Just hit and let go and look for less and less tension in your muscles.

Tunde January 3, 2013

Tomaz, I always thought the mass is the most important part of the kinectic energy formula. Ke = mass X speed. This made me change to a heavier racquet since i have been for long time looking for ways to increase pace on my goundstroke. Well, i got a bit of pace but not the one i was craving for. I reckon my swing speed is still the same. What are the specifics to work on to increase racquet head speed. I might change back to my lighter racquet!

    Tomaz January 3, 2013

    Which racquet to use really depends on your swing speed and what kind of tennis you play. I play with a very light racquet when I rally for fun and when I teach.

    That’s because it helps me play effortlessly as the ball shoots off the strings. It doesn’t give me much control though when I play points and want to accelerate.

    For that I would need a heavier and stiffer racquet. Light racquets twist too much at higher speeds of hitting the ball and you lose control.

    Heavier and typically stiffer racquets don’t twist that much – and also their momentum (because of bigger mass) helps you transfer more energy to the ball.

    A racquet that twists at impact loses energy. (unless you hit perfect sweet spot)

    So in the end it’s up to each player to experiment and test different racquets in different situations (rallying, teaching, playing points) and see what works best.

      Amar January 31, 2014

      I would like to put forward a hypothesis based for thought and invite opinion.
      First, hitting the ball is process of collision.In a perfectly elastic collision it is momentum (mass x velocity) which is conserved and not energy (0.5m*v*v).
      An average tennis ball weighs 58gms, the racket is to the order of 300gms (say 5 times ball weight) and body say 70Kgs (say 1200 times ball weight).
      Now think of your body and racket as one system colliding with the ball. Of course the collision is not perfectly elastic. Even if the collision is 5% efficient, every 1M/Min of forward body speed will give a surprising 60M/Min of ball speed.
      Based on this hypothesis, what I propose and what I am experimenting with is:
      Try to maintain your natural swing speed in order to get the most efficient collision and when the opportunity arises move forward through the collision (ball) to impart velocity to the ball.
      In other words a forward shift in body weight has a far more significant effect on the speed of the ball rather than the racket swing speed. A good and natural racket swing only ensures the most elastic collision.
      As a corollary to this, when rushing forward to meet a drop shot be very gentle in playing the ball as your body weight has built up a significant forward momentum.
      I would very much appreciate if readers will experiment with this concept and share their feedback.

Valery January 7, 2013

Hi, Tomaz, thanks a lot for the video. I am Russian, I’m working as tennis coach in Germany, teaching tennis for beginners and adults over 40 years, coaching a team of girls, I am 53 and for boys I do not have the speed. My method of teaching tennis is different from the German school of tennis and it was the theme for the management of the club, which indicated that every time my methods differ from the adopted methodology of the German school tennis. I am very pleased to see that I’m doing a lot almost the same what you do teaching the beginners


[…] More Power. For the first time, I began to feel how upper-body looseness can unleash new power. I remember my personal trainer Jay Gallegos (a student of Bruce Lee) once explaining how this works to me by simply saying: “You can’t crack a stiff whip.” Then I read a great, comprehensive elaboration on the topic by Slovenian coach Tomaz Mencinger that really drove the point home in on why power in tennis is achieved through relaxation and speed, not strength and tension. […]

Zac November 11, 2013

Hi Tomaz,

“…switch your concept of power from its association with strength and tension to relaxation and speed.”

That is EXACTLY the feeling behind good technique in flamenco guitar, which I’ve been studying for years and (so far) have had much more success with than tennis.

The best thing my guitar teacher taught me was to feel my fingers as though they were feathers, and imagine that the neck of the guitar was made of fine glass, and would break if I squeezed it too hard.

I think I’ll add a “crystal racket” visualization to your minimum force drill, Tomaz.

Thanks so much for your excellent work!

    Tomaz November 12, 2013

    Thanks for sharing, Zac.

    Those are really good “feel based” mental images to have.

    I heard one related to tennis: Hold your racquet as if you’re holding a little birdie which you don’t want to choke when you contact the ball. 😉

      Zac November 23, 2013

      Hi again Tomaz,

      Are you able to play with minimum effort and “compress and roll” the ball at the same time, as you describe in your “How to hit a tennis ball” video? I’ve been playing in a much more relaxed way lately and gripping the racquet much more lightly, but sometimes I think I might be taking it too far. It seems like compressing and rolling does take a slight amount of tension to achieve.

      Thanks! Zac

        Tomaz November 23, 2013

        Hi Zac,

        You’re right, when you play with minimum effort there is not much feel of compressing.

        Compress & roll is only one way of hitting the ball and is often time used in matches when we want to hit heavy.

        Another way of hitting the ball especially when you just rally and enjoy tennis is to hit “through” the ball rather than “at” it.

        Imagine the ball is just a projection, like a hologram and that there will be no collision when you hit it, no resistance.

        Then simply swing through it. That’s how you really hit effortlessly.

          Zac November 30, 2013

          Hi Tomaz,

          A couple more questions…

          I find that I naturally use my legs and body more and my arm less when doing this exercise, because it takes so much less effort to move the ball that way. Am I on the right track?

          Also, in the serve part, you seem to be moving your arm in a very deliberate way. This seems very different from the use of inertia you talk about in some of your serve videos. Is it a different feeling than in a “real” serve?

          Thanks. Zac

Tomaz December 1, 2013

Hi Zac,

Yes, you’re on the right track. If I rally nicely down the middle, then legs and body rotation create more than 80% of my power, at least that’s how it feels.

As for the serve, I am not sure to which video you are referring but I don’t feel I do much with my arm. It just follows my body. I only activate it just before the contact.

Kim Yoong September 21, 2014

we always hope to have fast and power in playing tennis, but this lesson tell us that effortless and not-hard strike procuce natural fluent strokes. thank you.

chris October 23, 2014

FWIW, someone once told me he saw nadal in person at a tournament, and that he looks more bulked up on TV. Apparently he was a lot slimmer in person. So maybe his
“muscle bulk” is not for raw strength in the weightlifting sense. Maybe acceleration ?

Amit January 27, 2015


I have been a follower of your articles and have purchased your products. Everything that you mention about playing effortlessly and with ‘feel’ resonates with what I see in the top players. However, there is one point that I haven’t been able to figure out.

On forehands, I leave the forefinger relaxed and away from the other three. I find that it relaxes the top of my forehand and allows me to generate swing speed as well as the the ‘lag and snap’ very easily. Essentially, my ring and pinky fingers are doing all the work. This also makes the racquet ‘longer’, as you must have seen Federer do.

However, my spin and control are a lot better if the pinky grip is very ‘tight’ around the handle during contact. I’m not sure if I am explaining this clearly, it means loose grip for the first two fingers, and a much tighter grip with the ring and pinky. Of course, every thing goes loose between shots, but I prefer them tight during impact. This seems to give me excellent control and the topspin really ‘pops’. If I don’t keep it very tight, I seem to lose the above characteristics.

All this seems to be in contrast to everything else about relaxing and letting strokes ‘flow’.

Your thoughts will be sincerely appreciated.

Please note that in a serve, all my fingers stay fairly loose because the head speed generation is a totally different action.


    Tomaz January 27, 2015

    Hi Amit,

    I agree, for a typical forehand with enough time the pinky and ring finger hold the racquet tighter so that the racquet can be used almost like a bat swinging in your hand and not a plank with which you want to push forward.

    But for me, the forefinger eventually helps with spin if I use more of it because it’s under the handle and I can push up the racquet with it. So at the beginning of swing it’s more passive but eventually it does help with spin.

      Amit January 28, 2015

      I guess the follow-up query will be: does the tightening of the last two fingers begin after the shoulder turn (as the racquet begins to drop), or only at the point when you begin the forward swing to impact? For me, I find that I HAVE to start it as soon as my shoulder turn ends and the racquet leaves my non-playing hand to drop backwards. But that also means that my forearm flexors are tight throughout the ‘lag and snap’ motion. The extensors remain relatively relaxed.

      You are right, though, about the index finger offering guidance or the avenue for generating extra top or extra angle to shots.

      I know my query is a little too detailed, but from all your articles, you have a very cerebral approach to every aspect of the game, so I’d love to know your thoughts.


        Amit January 28, 2015

        Forgot to mention that some coaches on YouTube also talk about tightening the grip ‘just at impact’. I find that very hard to do, because it causes a break in the flow.

Bo February 16, 2015

Hey Tomas, could one do do the groundstroke drill for this by hitting against a wall? or is it better to just feed into the open court/against a partner?

    Tomaz February 18, 2015

    Hi Bo,

    Yes, you could play against the wall but I recommend you are far away enough so that you play on the second bounce which gives you more time and makes you less rushed – which could make you tense.

Karl May 7, 2015

Great commentary and video enphasizing keeping the body relaxed and not getting all stressed as I think us club players tend to do at times when the game does not flow as we think it should or as it did when I for one was 25 years younger. I know my tendency is to get all amped up to hit a big shot that tends to result in a ball flight that is much less than the energy I seemingly put into it. I liked the breathing commentary as well as I think I tend to hold my breath at times when going for a bigger shot???? Great stuff!

    Tomaz May 7, 2015

    Thanks for sharing, Karl! One tip for big shots: for me personally the difference in power between hitting a neutral rally shot and the “big” shot is about max. 20% more power and I am very very careful not to tighten up but still maintain a smooth stroke.

Romeo August 11, 2015

This is very helpful.been playing tennis to a long time..but always this problem arises..Now I can try this…thanks a lot

Arthur Quinby November 27, 2015

You say you should hit the ground stroke at the 45! I’ve tried it and it works. There is also “loading on the outside foot” which give you a base from which to hit from.

If you can only think of one thing at a time in the middle of hitting the ball, is it at the 45 or Loading?



Zac November 30, 2016

Hi Tomaz,

I was working on this drill a little bit with my serve, and I noticed that I felt like I wasn’t pronating. I was able to hit with very little effort, but it felt a little like a “waiter’s serve” or something like that. What I mean is, I felt like I wasn’t approaching the ball with the edge of the racquet at all.

Then I went back to this video and saw that it looks like you’re not really pronating either.

Is this the way it should be? Is there a way to do this drill and practice pronation at the same time?

Thanks! Zac

    Tomaz November 30, 2016

    Hi Zac,

    The pronation may not be so pronounced here because we are very relaxed but it is there.

    It is so automated for me that my forearm always pronates.

    I suggest you go through the Pronation Progressions drills in the ServeUnlocked course at least twice a week for a month or so as that will train your forearm to pronate.

    If I work with juniors we do pronation drills regularly for about 2 years. 😉

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